Publications

A list of current research publications is provided below. A definitive list of publications and access to authors’ preprints are available on the RMIT Research Repository or by searching individual researchers using ResearchGate. For best results, search by researcher name

Books and Book Chapters

  • Clothier RA, and Walker RA. (2014) “The Safety Risk Management of Unmanned Aircraft Systems”, in Handbook of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Valavanis KP, and Vachtsevanos, GJ. Eds. Chapter 92, Springer Science + Business Media B.V., Dordrecht, Netherlands. pp.2229-2275 http://www.springer.com/engineering/robotics/book/978-90-481-9706-4
  • Watkins S. (2013) “Wind Around Buildings”, Chapter in Designing the Dynamic, (ed. Jane Burry), Melbourne Books, ISBN: 978-1-922129-13-0, May.

Peer Reviewed Journal Publications

To Appear

2017

  • Kloet N. Watkins S. and Clothier R., “Acoustic Signature Measurement of Small Multi-Rotor Unmanned Aircraft Systems (MUAS)” International Journal of Micro Air Vehicles, vol. 9(1), pp. 3-14, doi:10.1177/1756829316681868
  • Washington, A., Clothier, R. A. and Williams, B. P. (2017) “A Bayesian approach to system safety assessment and compliance assessment for Unmanned Aircraft Systems,” J. Air Transp. Manag., vol. 62, pp. 18–33, doi:10.1016/j.jairtraman.2017.02.003
  • Lim E.W., Watkins S., Clothier R., Ladani R., Mohamed A. and Palmer J. “Full-scale flow measurement on a tall building with a continuous-wave Doppler Lidar anemometer”, Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, Elsevier, Netherlands, 2016 vol. 154, pp. 69–75, doi:10.1016/j.jweia.2016.04.007

2016

  • Lim E.W., Watkins S., Clothier R., Ladani R., Mohamed A. and Palmer J. “Full-scale flow measurement on a tall building with a continuous-wave Doppler Lidar anemometer”, Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, Elsevier, Netherlands, 2016 vol. 154, pp. 69–75, doi:10.1016/j.jweia.2016.04.007
  • Shyy W, Kang Ck, Chirarattananon P, Ravi S and Liu H (2016) “Aerodynamics, sensing and control of insect-scale flapping-wing flight” Proc. of the Royal Society A, Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 472 (2186), February, 10.1098/rspa.2015.0712
  • Watkins S, Mohamed A, Fisher A, Clothier R, Carrese R and Fletcher DA (2016) “Towards Autonomous MAV Soaring in Cities: CFD Simulation, EFD Measurement and Flight Trials” International Journal of Micro Air Vehicles, Vol.7(4), pp.441-448.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1260/1756-8293.7.4.441
  • Fisher A, Marino M, Clothier R, Watkins S, and Palmer J. (2016) “Emulating Avian Orographic Soaring with a Small Autonomous Glider” Bioinspiration & Biomimetics. Vol 11(1), February. http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-3190/11/1/016002

2015

  • Marino M, Fisher A, Clothier RA, Watkins S, Prudden S, and Leung C “An Evaluation of Multi-Rotor Unmanned Aircraft as Flying Wind Sensors” International Journal of Micro Air Vehicles, Vol 7 (3), September, pp.285-299. 10.1260/1756-8293.7.3.285
  • Sabatini R, Cappello F, Ramasamy S, Gardi A, and Clothier R, “An Innovative Navigation and Guidance System for Small Unmanned Aircraft using Low-Cost Sensors”, Journal of Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology. Vol. 87 (6), pp.540-545. doi: 10.1108/AEAT-06-2014-0081
  • Clothier RA, Greer DA, Greer GG, and Mehta MA, “Risk Perception and the Public Acceptance of Drones”, Risk Analysis, Vol 35 (6), pp.1167–1183. http://doi.org/10.1111/risa.12330
  • Clothier RA, Williams, BP, and Fulton, NL (2015) “Structuring the Safety Case for Unmanned Aircraft System Operations in Non-Segregated Airspace” Safety Science, Vol 79, November, pp.213-228. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2015.06.007
  • Mohamed A, Watkins S, Fisher A, Marino M, Massey K, and Clothier R. (2015) “A Feasibility Study of Bio-Inspired Wing-Surface Pressure Sensing for Attitude Control of Micro Aerial Vehicles”, AIAA Journal of Aircraft, Vol X (I), pp. http://arc.aiaa.org/doi/abs/10.2514/1.C032805
  •  Somerville A, Baxter GS, Richardson S, and Wild G. (2015) “Sustainable water management at major Australian regional airports: the case of Mildura Airport” Aviation, Vol.19(2), June, pp.83-89. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3846/16487788.2015.1057992
  • Mohamed A, Carrese R, Fletcher D, and Watkins S, “Scale-resolving simulation to predict the updraught regions over buildings for MAV orographic lift soaring”, Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, Vol 140, May, pp. 34-48. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167610515000252 

2014

2013

  • Ravi, S., Watkins, S. & Watmuff, J. (2013) “On the transient loads occurring over a thin airfoil subjected to elevated levels of freestream turbulence”, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) Journal, Vol. 51, No. 6, pp. 1473-1485. http://arc.aiaa.org/doi/abs/10.2514/1.J052142?journalCode=aiaaj

2012

2011

  • Thompson, M, Watkins, S., Homes, J. & White, C., (2011) “Gust Inputs for Birds, Insects and MAVs of Increasingly Small Wingspans”, Journal of The Royal Aeronautical Society, vol. 115, no. 1173.
  • Clothier RA, Palmer JL, Walker RA, and Fulton NL. (2011) “Definition of an airworthiness certification framework for civil Unmanned Aircraft Systems”, Safety Science, 49(6), July, pp. 871-885. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925753511000270
  • Clothier RA, Baumeister R, Brunig M, Duggan A, Roberts J, Walker RA, and Wilson M. (2011) “The Smart Skies Project” IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine (A&ES), Vol. 26(6), June, pp.14-23. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAES.2011.5936181

2010

  • Abdulrahim M., Watkins S., Segal R., Marino M., and Sheridan J., (2010) “Dynamic Sensitivity to Atmospheric Turbulence of Unmanned Air Vehicles with Varying Configuration”, AIAA Journal of Aircraft,  pages (1873-1883) vol. 47 no. 6.
  • Watkins S., Thompson M., Loxton B. and Abdulrahim M., (2010) “On Low Altitude Flight Through The Atmospheric Boundary Layer”, International Journal of Micro Air Vehicles, vol. 2, no. 2 June.
  • Watkins S., Abdulrahim M., Thompson M., Shortis M., Segal R. and Sheridan J., (2010) “An Overview of Experiments on the Dynamic Sensitivity of MAVs to Turbulence”, Journal of The Royal Aeronautical Society, vol. 114, no. 1158.

2009 and older

Peer Reviewed Conference Publications

2017

  • Washington, A., Clothier, R. A., Williams, B. P. and Silva, J. (2017) “Managing Uncertainty in the System Safety Assessment of Unmanned Aircraft Systems” AIAC2017, Melbourne, Australia.
  • Kloet, N., Watkins, S., Wang, X., Palmer, J. L. and Prudden, S. (2017) “Drone on: a Preliminary Investigation of the Acoustic Impact of Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS)” ICSV24, London, England.

2015

  • Watkins S, Mohamed A, Fisher A, Clothier R, Carrese R, Fletcher D (2015) “Towards Autonomous MAV Soaring in Cities: CFD simulations, EFD measurements and Flight Trials” IMAV 2015, 15-18 Sept, Aachen, Germany. Link to publication
  • Clothier R, Williams B, and Washington A. (2015) “Development of a Template Safety Case for Unmanned Aircraft Operations Over Populous Areas” SAE 2015 AeroTech Congress & Exhibition, 22-24 Sept, Seattle. doi: 10.4271/2015-01-2469
  • Clothier R, Williams B, Wade M, Coyne J, and Washington A. (2015) “Challenges to the Development of an Airworthiness Regulatory Framework for Unmanned Aircraft Systems” 16th Australian International Aerospace Congress, 23rd-24th February 2015, Melbourne, Australia. Link to publication.
  • Muller B, Clothier R, Watkins S, and Fisher A. (2015) “Bio-Inspired Autonomous Aircraft for Bird Management at Sporting Facilities”, 16th Australian International Aerospace Congress, 23rd-24th February 2015, Melbourne, Australia.
  • Leung C, Elbanhawi M, Mohamed A, Clothier R, Fisher A, and Simic M. (2015) “The Development of a Mission Planning System for Unmanned Aircraft Operations in Windy Urban Environments”, 16th Australian International Aerospace Congress, 23rd-24th February 2015, Melbourne, Australia.
  • Morrison S, Clothier R, Pederson P, and Watkins S. (2015) “Theoretical Model of a Rotary Decelerator for use in Multi-Rotor Aircraft”, 16th Australian International Aerospace Congress, 23rd-24th February 2015, Melbourne, Australia.
  • Bouwmeester L, Clothier R, Sabatini R, and Williams G. (2015) “Autonomous Communications Between Air Traffic Control and Remotely Piloted Aircraft”, 16th Australian International Aerospace Congress, 23-24 February 2015, Melbourne.

2014

  • Gerhardt N, Clothier R, Wild G, Mohamed A, Petersen P, and Watkins S (2014) “Analysis of Inlet Flow Structures for the Integration of a Remote Gas Sensor on a Multi-Rotor Unmanned Aircraft System”, Fourth Australasian Unmanned Systems Conference, 15-16 December, Melbourne Convention Centre, Melbourne, Australia. http://aaus.org.au/2015/02/04/proceedings-fourth-australasian-conference-on-unmanned-systems/
  • Chen T, Clothier R, Mohamed A, and Badawy R (2014) “An Experimental Study of Human Performance in Controlling Micro Aerial Vehicles in Turbulent Environment”, Fourth Australasian Unmanned Systems Conference, 15-16 December, Melbourne Convention Centre, Melbourne, Australia. http://aaus.org.au/2015/02/04/proceedings-fourth-australasian-conference-on-unmanned-systems/
  • Watkins S. and Mohamed A. (2014) “Novel Sensing and Actuation for Enabling Smooth Flight Through Turbulence”, Extremal and Record Breaking Flights of Aircraft, 2nd Int Workshop, (ERBA 2014), 1-4th July, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Zhukovsky, Russia.
  • Williams B, Clothier R, Fulton N, Johnson S, Lin X, and Cox K, (2014) “Building the Safety Case for UAS Operations in Support of Natural Disaster Response” 14th AIAA Aviation Technology, Integration, and Operations Conference, AIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition, 2014. 16th-20th June, Atlanta, Georgia. http://arc.aiaa.org/doi/abs/10.2514/6.2014-2286
  • Watkins S., Fisher A, Mohamed A. and Massey K. (2014) “Propulsion and Control Issues for MAVs”, ERBA 2104, 1-4th July 2014, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Zhukovsky, Russia.
  • Ramasamy S, Sabatini R, Clothier R, and Gardi A (2014) “Reverse Engineering Applications for Fixed Wing Unmanned Aircraft Dynamics Determination” International Conference on Intelligent Unmanned Systems (ICIUS’14), to be held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, on September 29 – October 1.
  • Sarson-Lawrence J, Sabatini R, Clothier R, and Gardi A (2014) “Low-cost Components Reliability Determination for Unmanned Aircraft Applications” International Conference on Intelligent Unmanned Systems (ICIUS’14), to be held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, on September 29 – October 1.
  • Sarson-Lawrence J, Sabatini R, Clothier R, and Gardi A (2014) “Experimental Determination of Low-Cost Servomotor Reliability for Small Unmanned Aircraft Applications” AEROTECH V, 29th-30th October, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • Ramasamy S, Sabatini R, Clothier R, and Gardi A (2014) “Reverse Engineering of a Fixed Wing Unmanned Aircraft 6-DoF Model” AEROTECH V, 29th-30th October, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • Ramasamy S, Sabatini R, Cappello F, Gardi A, and Clothier R (2014) “An Innovative Navigation and Guidance System for Small Unmanned Aircraft using Low-Cost Sensors” AEROTECH V, 29th-30th October, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • Burston M, Sabatini R, Gardi A, and Clothier R (2014) “Reverse Engineering of a Fixed Wing Unmanned Aircraft 6-DoF Model Based on Laser Scanner Measurements” 2014 IEEE Metrology for Aerospace (MetroAeroSpace), 29th-30th May, Benevento, Italy.
  • Marino, M., Watkins S., Sabatini R. and Gardi A., (2014) “Unsteady pressure measurements on a MAV wing for the design of a turbulence mitigation system”. 2014 IEEE Metrology for Aerospace (MetroAeroSpace), 29th-30th May, Benevento, Italy.
  • Gerhardt N, Wild G, and Clothier R (2014) “Investigating the Practicality of Hazardous Material Detection Using Unmanned Aerial Systems” 2014 IEEE Metrology for Aerospace (MetroAeroSpace), 29th-30th May, Benevento, Italy.

2013

  • Thompson M. and Watkins S., “Measuring The Small Scales of Turbulence in Urban Areas and Replicating it in Wind Engineering Type Wind Tunnels For Testing Of Micro Aircraft”. EUCASS, Munich 1-5 July 2013.
  • Watkins S, Fisher A, Mohamed A, Clothier R, and Ravi S. (2013) “The Turbulent Flight Environment Close to the Ground and Its Effects on Fixed and Flapping Wings at Low Reynolds Number” 2013 European Conference for Aerospace Sciences (EUCASS), 1-4 July, Munich, Germany.
  • Perez T, Clothier RA, and Williams B. (2013) “Risk-management of UAS Robust Autonomy for its integration into Civil Aviation Safety Frameworks” in Cant, T (eds) Proceedings of the Australian System Safety Conference 2013, 22-24th May, Adelaide, Australia. CPRIT Vol.151, pp.37-45. http://www.crpit.com/Vol151.html
  • Clothier RA, Williams B, Lin X, and Fulton NL. (2013) “ALARP and the Risk Management of Civil Unmanned Aircraft Systems” in Cant, T (eds) Proceedings of the Australian System Safety Conference 2013, 22-24th May, Adelaide, Australia. CPRIT Vol.151, pp.3-13. http://www.crpit.com/Vol151.html
  • Clothier RA, Williams B, and Perez T. (2013) “A Review of the Concept of Autonomy in the Context of the Safety Regulation of Civil Unmanned Aircraft Systems” in Cant, T (eds) Proceedings of the Australian System Safety Conference 2013, 22-24th May, Adelaide, Australia. CPRIT Vol.151, pp.15-27. http://www.crpit.com/Vol151.html
  • Palmer, JL. and Clothier RA. (2013) “Analysis of the Applicability of Existing Airworthiness Classification Schemes to the Unmanned Aircraft Fleet” 15th Australian International Aerospace Congress (AIAC), 25th-28th February, Melbourne, Australia. http://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=352631537076311;res=IELENG

2012

  • Watkins S. and Abdulrahim M., (2012) “Opportunities and Challenges for MAVs in the Complex Flow Environments in Cities”, invited presentation Unmanned Aerial Systems UK, Cranfield University, Shrivenham, UK,  25-28 June.
  • Clothier RA, Frousheger D., and Wilson M. (2012) “The Smart Skies Project: Enabling Technologies For Future Airspace Environments” 28th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences, 23rd – 28th September, Brisbane, Australia. http://www.icas.org/ICAS_ARCHIVE/ICAS2012/PAPERS/422.PDF
  • Clothier R. and Wu P. (2012) “A Review of System Safety Failure Probability Objectives for Unmanned Aircraft Systems”, in Proceedings of the Eleventh Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management Conference (PSAM11) and the Annual European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2012), George Apostolakis (ed.), PSAM11 & ESREL, Helsinki, Finland, pp.5132-5146. http://eprints.qut.edu.au/51232/
  • Mohamed A, White C. and Watkins S., (2012) “A Numerical Study of the Updrafts over a Building, with Comparison to Wind-Tunnel Results”, 15th Australasian Wind Engineering Society Workshop, University of Sydney, Australia, 23-24 February.
  • Wu P., and Clothier RA (2012) “The Development of Ground Impact Models for the Analysis of the Risks Associated with Unmanned Aircraft Operations Over Inhabited Areas”, in Proceedings of the Eleventh Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management Conference (PSAM11) and the Annual European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2012), George Apostolakis (ed.), PSAM11 & ESREL, Helsinki, Finland, pp.5222-5234. http://eprints.qut.edu.au/53082/
  • Ravi S., Watkins S., Watmuff J., Massey K., Marino M. & Petersen P., “Influence of Turbulence Intensity on the Flow Structure over Airfoils at Lower Reynolds Numbers, 28th Congress of The International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences (ICAS 2012), 23-28 Sept. Brisbane, Australia.
  • A. Fisher, S. Watkins, J. Watmuff, (2012) “Dynamic surface pressure measurements on a flapping wing in smooth and turbulent flow”, 28th Congress of The International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences (ICAS 2012), 23-28 Sept. Brisbane, Australia.
  • Marino M., Ravi S., S. Watkins, et al., (2012) “Optimum location of pressure measurements around a wing as a dynamic control input in smooth and turbulent conditions” 28th Congress of The International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences (ICAS 2012), 23-28 Sept. Brisbane, Australia.

2011

  • Watkins S., Ravi S., Thompson M., Abdulrahim M., Marino M., (2011) “Testing of MAVs in Replicated Atmospheric Turbulence”, ICWE13 Amsterdam, Netherlands, 10th – 15th July.
  • Watkins, S., Ravi S. & Marino M., (2011) ‘The Opportunities Afforded by Micro Air Vehicles and the Challenges they have to Overcome’ World Conference on Engineering, Imperial College, London, UK, 6-8th July.
  • Thompson, M. and Watkins, S., (2011) “The Small Scales of Turbulence: A Significant Challenge To Micro Flight” 14th  Australian International Aerospace Congress (AIAC), Melbourne, Australia, 28th February to 3rd March.

2010

  • Thompson, M. and Watkins, S. (201) “Small Scale Flight Within The Lower Regions of The Atmospheric Boundary Layer”, 14th Australasian Wind Engineering Society (AWES) Workshop, Canberra, Australia, 5-6th August. *Winner Best Presentation Award
  • Abdullah, E, Bil, C and Watkins, S (2010) “Adaptive Airfoil Control System Using Shape Memory Alloy Actuators For Unmanned Aerial Vehicles”, in Fragomeni, Venkatesan, Lam & Setunge (ed.) Incorporating Sustainable Practice in Mechanics of Structures and Materials, AK Leiden, The Netherlands, 7 – 10 December, pp. 141-146.
  • Abdullah, E, Bil, C and Watkins, S (2010) ‘Testing of Adaptive Airfoil For UAV Using Shape Memory Alloy Actuators’, in I Poll (ed.) 27th International Congress of The Aeronautical Sciences (ICAS), Sweden, 19-24 September 2010, pp. 1-9.
  • Thompson, M. and Watkins S. (2010) “Gust Inputs Relevant to Bees, Birds and MAVs”, 25th International Unmanned Air Vehicle Systems Conference, Bristol, UK, 12th – 14th April.
  • Clothier RA, Palmer JL, Walker RA, and Fulton NL. (2010) “Definition of airworthiness categories for civil Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS)”. 27th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences, 19th – 24th Sept, Nice, France. http://www.icas.org/ICAS_ARCHIVE/ICAS2010/PAPERS/177.PDF

2009 and older

  • Baumeister R, Estkowski R, Spence G, and Clothier R. (2009) “Evaluation of Separation Management Algorithms in Class G Airspace”, AIAA Modelling & Simulation, 10th – 13th August, Chicago. http://arc.aiaa.org/doi/abs/10.2514/6.2009-6126
  • Baumeister R, Estkowski R, Spence G, and Clothier R. (2009) “Test Architecture for Prototyping Automated Dynamic Airspace Control”, CEAS 2009 European Air & Space Conference, 26th – 29th October, Manchester, United Kingdom. http://eprints.qut.edu.au/27234/
  • Clothier RA, and Walker RA. (2009) “The Smart Skies Project” In: AUVSI Unmanned Systems North America, 10th – 13th August 2009, Washington D.C.
  • Clothier RA, Walker RA, Fulton NL, and Campbell DA. (2007) “A Casualty Risk Analysis for Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) Operations over Inhabited Areas”, 12th Australian International Aerospace Congress Conference, 2nd Australasian Unmanned Air Vehicles Conference, 19th – 22nd March, Melbourne, Australia. http://eprints.qut.edu.au/6822/
  • Wu P, Clothier R, Campbell D, and Walker R. (2007) “Fuzzy Multi-Objective Mission Flight Planning in Unmanned Aerial Systems”, 2007 IEEE Symposium on Computational Intelligence in Multi-Criteria Decision-Making, 1st – 5th April, Honolulu, Hawaii. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MCDM.2007.369409
  • Clothier R, and Walker R. (2006) “Determination and Evaluation of UAV Safety Objectives”, 1st International Unmanned Air Vehicle Systems (UAVS) Conference, 3rd – 5th April, Bristol, United Kingdom. http://eprints.qut.edu.au/4183/1/4183.pdf
  • Clothier R, Harrison A, Dusha D, McManus I, Greer D, and Walker R. (2005) “Development of a Low-cost UAV System for Civilian Airspace Integration Trials”, Eleventh Australian International Aerospace Congress Conference, 1st Australasian Unmanned Air Vehicles Conference, 13th – 15th March, Melbourne, Australia. http://eprints.qut.edu.au/945/
  • McManus I, Clothier R, and Walker R. (2005) “Highly Autonomous UAV Mission Planning and Piloting for Civilian Airspace Operations”, Eleventh Australian International Aerospace Congress Conference, 1st Australasian Unmanned Air Vehicles Conference, 13th – 15th March, Melbourne, Australia. http://eprints.qut.edu.au/5383/

Comments are closed